Faculty of Law
Dean: (Acting) David Asper, Q.C.
Associate Dean(s): Mary Shariff (J.D. Program); Donn Short (Research and Graduate Studies)
Campus Address/General Office: 303 Robson Hall
Telephone: (204) 474 6130
Fax: (204) 474 7580
Email Address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Academic Staff: Please refer to the Faculty website at umanitoba.ca/faculties/law
Law Admissions Inquiries website: email@example.com
Degree Programs Offered
The Master of Laws is a thesis-based program designed for completion in one year after the completion of a three year J.D. program. The program consists of participation in the Graduate Legal Theory Seminar, two additional courses and completion of a substantial thesis. Further details are available through the LL.M. website. Applicants should also consult the Faculty of Graduate Studies website.
Equivalent academic courses completed at recognized universities elsewhere will be considered. For all admission requirements please refer to the first year information on the website.
Robson Hall, Faculty of Law, offers a three year J.D. program that starts with the fundamental doctrinal courses that allow students to acquire a solid foundation in law. From the foundational courses, students can move into legal specialties of their choice, or choose to pursue a J.D. concentrating on Indigenous law, business law, or human rights. Clinical legal education has been a part of the J.D. program since the early 1970s and students develop lawyering skills under faculty guidance, expanding their perspectives and ethical understanding of the role of practicing lawyers. Scholarship and research is built into the J.D. program so students have an opportunity to develop a critical understanding of law and its development.
The Profession and the Faculty of Law
The Study of Law
Legal education in Canada is divided into two phases: the academic study of law at one of the university law schools and practical training under the auspices of a provincial law society for those who wish to be admitted to practice and called to a Bar. As there is a reciprocal recognition of university law degrees between the common law provinces (all provinces except Quebec), the academic study can be taken in any one of these provinces.
A sound education in law provides a good foundation for a great variety of careers. In the past most law graduates have entered the private practice of law to concentrate on various types of legal work including: real estate transactions, commercial contracts, company law, family law, taxation. While the tendency to specialize in the practice of law is becoming more prevalent, most lawyers continue to be general practitioners prepared to perform most types of legal work according to the needs of their clients.
Besides the private practice of law, law graduates can join the legal departments of corporations as in-house counsel, or various government agencies that maintain legal departments. Law graduates also find careers in non-profit organizations, business, law enforcement, social work, and journalism.
The curriculum invites critical assessment of the role of law in society as well as the development of skills relevant to the practice of law. In addition to lectures and seminars, students are given an opportunity to develop, under supervision, some of the research, writing and oral advocacy skills which will prove useful in the practice of law. In first year, students are acquainted with the various paper and electronic resource materials available in a law library, and they follow a program designed to develop legal research and writing techniques. In second and third years, students participate in negotiation exercises, mock trials and appeals and moot court competitions. Students may choose from a range of clinical Courses, including clerkships with various levels of court internships and externships. Throughout their legal studies students have many opportunities to serve actual legal clients both by taking internship and externship courses and through Volunteering with organizations such as the University Community Law Centre, Pro Bono Students Canada and The Legal Help Centre. This clinical training is just one element of the program at Robson Hall that contributes to the excellent reputation of our graduates.
Research and Publications
Research and scholarly writing are integral elements of the mission of the University and the law school. Professors research, write and consult with the larger legal community in their particular area of expertise and students have similar opportunities. Each year students must take a writing requirement which provides an opportunity to explore a particular area of law in depth. Students have the opportunity to work on a number of scholarly publications including: Asper Review of International Business and Trade Law, Canadian Journal of Human Rights, Manitoba Law Journal, Robson Crim and Underneath the Golden Boy.
Faculty of Law Centres of Excellence
Robson Hall is home to two named research chairs. In 1999, the Faculty of Law established the Asper Chair of International Business and Trade Law. The Asper Chair sponsors a variety of research including bi-annual academic conferences in international business and trade law. An internship program allows up to four students a year to work with the Asper Chair and creates opportunities for students to advance their education, while gaining skills necessary to pursue careers in law or business with an international focus. Additionally, students involved in the Asper program have the opportunity to participate in international commercial dispute resolution competitions.
The Marcel Desautels Chair in Private Enterprise and the Law has a mandate to conduct research and provide education on issues of specific interest to the privately held or family owned businesses. The Desautel Centre’s focus is on the needs of closely held businesses.
All Law students are members of the Manitoba Law Students’ Association (MLSA), the student government. Student participation in faculty governance takes place through the representation of elected members of the MLSA. In addition to the Manitoba Law Students Association there exists a diversity of student groups at Robson Hall. No matter what your interests, joining a student group can greatly enhance your law school experience by providing you with greater opportunities throughout the year to interact with the community and other students. Student groups include:
- Business Law Group
- Canada Law Games
- Christian Legal Fellowship (CLF)
- Criminal Law Group
- Curling Club
- Debating Club
- Employment and Labour Club
- Environmental Law Group
- Feminist Legal Forum
- Health and Elder Law
- Human Rights Collective
- Manitoba Indigenous Law Students Association (MILSA)
- Mental Health Group
- Migration Law group
- MBA Mentorship Program
- Pro Bono Students Canada (PBSC)
- Robson Hall Mediators
Please see the MLSA website for a complete list.
|Degree/Diploma||Years to Completion||Total Credit Hours||Has Co-op Option|
|Degree/Diploma Juris Doctor, J.D.||Years to Completion 3 (plus 2 years or 60 credit hours University degree level courses)||Total Credit Hours 92||Has Co-op Option no|
This includes two years (60 credit hours) of study in an undergraduate program.
Faculty Academic Regulations
Admission to the Faculty of Law
Course Requirements for Admission to J.D. Program
Robson Hall, Faculty of Law offers three First Year Admission categories:
- Index Score (Regular) Category (50% GPA and 50% LSAT score)
- Individual Consideration Category
- Canadian Indigenous Category
The minimum academic requirement to apply is two (2) full-years of university degree level courses (equivalent to 60 credit hours). Included in the 60 credit hours should be a course to fulfill the University's mathematics requirement. Completion of the JD program fulfills the University's Written English requirement. For additional information about the University's Mathematics and Written English requirements, see the General Academic Regulations of this calendar.
All applicants must write the Law School Admission Test (LSAT).
Please visit the Robson Hall website.
All students are asked to note that some academic policies and regulations are under review and are subject to change. Please refer to the Governance website for updated information.
The provisions of the General Academic Regulations, and the University Policies and Procedures apply to all students. In addition, the Faculty of Law has regulations and requirements, published below, that apply specifically to its students.
Residence requirements for the Juris Doctor Degree
To obtain the Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the University of Manitoba, ordinarily a student must successfully complete two of the three years of the Juris Doctor (J.D.) program at the University of Manitoba. The remaining year may be completed at another law school as approved by the Admissions Committee or the Dean’s office.
Licence to Practise Law
Graduates who wish to practise must apply to the Law Society of the province in which they wish to practice. Law societies generally require applicants to complete a bar admission course. The Law Society must be satisfied as to the good character and repute of its applicants, as well as their academic competence and qualifications. Inquiries with regard to the Province of Manitoba should be made to the Law Society of Manitoba.
Regulations of the Faculty of Law
Regulations of the Faculty of Law, as amended from time to time governing attendance, evaluation, prizes, and progression may be consulted at the Faculty’s website.
Miscellaneous Registration Matters
The Associate Dean’s office shall, subject to appeal to the Academic Affairs Committee, consider and determine all applications from students admitted to the faculty for permission:
- to take part of their law studies at another university under a letter of permission with conditions;
- to defer their law studies for a period of one or more academic years after successfully completing first or second year, and to permit such students to re-register following such an absence with conditions;
- to withdraw before completing the academic year for which they are registered and to permit, in the case of a student who withdraws from first year under exceptional circumstances, that student to re-register for a subsequent academic year as a supernumerary student, and in the case of a second or third year student, to permit such student to re-register for a subsequent academic year; in all cases with or without conditions;
- to switch from the full-time program to the half-time program and vice versa.
All students will need to register themselves through Aurora. Please check the Faculty of Law website for detailed information.
Academic Schedule Fall/Winter Term 2021-2022
Dates Applicable to all U of M Students
When the University is closed no classes/examinations will be held
|Canada Day||July 1, 2021|
|Terry Fox Day (Civic Holiday)||August 2, 2021|
|Labour Day||September 6, 20201|
|Thanksgiving Day||October 11, 2021|
|Remembrance Day||November 11, 2021|
|Winter Holiday||December 24, 2021- January 4, 2022|
|Louis Riel Day||February 21, 2022|
|Good Friday||April 15, 2022|
|Victoria Day||May 23, 2022|
|Canada Day (Holiday Observed)||July 1, 2022|
|Terry Fox Day (Civic Holiday)||August 1, 2022|
Dates Applicable to most U of M Students
Some additional or differing date information is included in separate sections for: Agriculture Diploma, Art (School of), Dental Hygiene, Dentistry (includes IDDP), Education (B.Ed. only), Management, Medicine (excludes Family Social Sciences), Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, Physician’s Assistant Studies, Respiratory Therapy, and Social Work. Students in these programs should also see their respective section of the Academic Schedule.
|UM Essentials (online orientation)||July- Sept 7, 2021|
|Prep Week||Aug 30- Sept 3, 2021|
|Welcome Day Fall Term||Sept 7, 2021|
|Faculty of Agricultural & Food Sciences, Faculty of Arts, School of Art, Faculty of Environment, Earth & Resources, Faculty of Music, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Social Work, Interdisciplinary Health Program||Sept 7, 2021|
|Faculty of Law First Year Orientation||Sept 1-3, 2021|
|Welcome Day Winter Term||Jan 6, 2022|
Start and End Dates
Additional or differing dates exist for: Agriculture Diploma, Dental Hygiene, Dentistry, Education, Management, Medicine, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, Physician’s Assistant Studies, Respiratory Therapy, and Social Work. Students in these programs should also see their respective section of the Academic Schedule.
|Fall Term||September 8- December 10, 2021|
|Winter Term (no classes, examinations or tests will be held April 15, 2022)||January 10-April 12, 2022|
|Winter/Summer Term spanning distance and online courses||January 10- July 8, 2022|
Registration and Withdrawal Dates
Additional or differing dates exist for: Agriculture Diploma and other faculties, colleges and/or schools offering irregularly scheduled courses. Agriculture Diploma students should also see their respective section of the Academic Schedule; all others should also refer to either the ‘Irregular Refund and Voluntary Withdrawal Deadline’ information posted on the Registrar’s Office website (https://intranet.umanitoba.ca/student/records/media/Calculate_Refund_and_Withdrawal_Dates_for_Irregular_ Courses.pdf), or the Class Schedule.
Regular Registration Period
|Fall Term and Fall/Winter Term classes||Ends September 7, 2021|
|Winter Term classes and Winter /Summer Term spanning distance and online courses||Ends January 9, 2022|
Registration Revision Period
Students may use this period of time to make changes to their selected courses or class schedule. Last day to drop is 1 business day prior to the end of the Registration Revision Period.
|Fall Term and Fall/Winter Term classes||September 8-22, 2021|
|Winter Term classes and Winter/Summer Term spanning distance and online courses||January 10-24, 2022|
Last Date to Drop without Penalty
Last date to drop and have course excluded from transcripts; VWs will be recorded on transcripts for courses dropped after this date. There will be no refunds for courses dropped after this date. Additional or differing dates exist for Agriculture Diploma; students in this program should also see their respective section of the Academic Schedule.
|Fall Term||September 21, 2021|
|Fall/Winter Term classes Part A||September 21, 2021|
|Fall/Winter Term classes Part B (VW recorded if dropped after Sept 21, 2021)||January 21, 2022|
|Winter Term classes and Winter/Summer Term spanning distance and online courses||January 21, 2022|
Last Date to Register/Registration Revision Deadline
|Fall Term and Fall/Winter Term classes||September 22, 2021|
|Winter Term classes and Winter/Summer Term spanning distance and online courses||January 24, 2022|
Voluntary Withdrawal (VW) Deadline
Last date to withdraw and not receive a final grade; students cannot withdraw from courses after this date
|Fall Term classes||November 22, 2021|
|Fall/Winter Term spanning classes||January 21, 2022|
|Winter Term classes||March 23, 2022|
|Winter/Summer Term spanning distance and online courses||May 12, 2022|
Fee Payment Deadlines
A financial penalty will be assessed on accounts with an outstanding balance after this date.*
Please see Last Day to Drop without Penalty
Academic and administrative offices will be open during this period; no classes, tests or assignment due dates occur during this time. Additional or differing dates exist for: Dental Hygiene, Dentistry, Education (B.Ed. only), Medicine (M.D. only), Occupational Therapy, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, and Respiratory Therapy. Students in these programs should also see their respective section of the Academic Schedule.
|Fall Term Break (The U of M will be closed Thursday November 11 for Remembrance Day)||November 8-12, 2021|
|Winter Term Break (The U of M will be closed Monday February 21 for Louis Riel Day)||February 22-25, 2022|
Examination and Test Dates
Students are reminded that they must remain available until all examination and test obligations have been fulfilled. Additional or differing dates exist for: Agriculture Diploma, Dental Hygiene, Dentistry, Education, Medicine (M.D.), and Pharmacy. Students in these programs should also see their respective section of the Academic Schedule. Students in faculties, colleges, schools or programs offering irregularly scheduled courses should also see the exam timetable available through their program office
|Fall Term (includes tests and mid term exams for Fall/Winter Term classes)||December 11- 23, 2021|
|Winter Term (includes final exams for Fall/Winter Term classes; no classes, examinations or tests will be held on April 15, 2022)||April 18-29, 2022|
Challenge for Credit Application Deadline
|For classes offered Fall Term 2021 and spanning Fall/Winter 2021-2022||September 22, 2021|
|For classes offered Winter Term 2022||January 24, 2022|
Final Grade Appeal Deadlines
|For Final grades received for Fall Term 2021 classes||January 25, 2022|
|For final grades received for Winter Term 2022 and Fall 2021/Winter 2022 classes||June 13, 2022|
Degrees, Diplomas and Certificates will be awarded at Convocation. Graduation date may differ from Convocation Ceremony date. Additional or differing dates exist for Agriculture Diploma, Dental Hygiene, Dentistry, Medicine, Occupational Therapy, Pharmacy, Physical Therapy, and Respiratory Therapy; students in these programs should also see their respective section of the Academic Schedule.
For students graduating Fall 2021
|Deadline to apply online to graduate for most Undergraduate students||July 30, 2021|
|Faculty of Graduate Studies Submission Deadline*||August 6, 2021|
|Convocation Ceremony (Fort Garry Campus)||October 19-21, 2021|
|Convocation Ceremony (Bannatyne Campus)||October 28, 2021|
For students graduating February 2022
|Deadline to apply online to graduate for most Undergraduate students||September 21, 2021|
|Faculty of Graduate Studies Submission Deadline*||January 6, 2022|
|Graduation date for students graduating in February||February 2, 2022|
|Convocation Ceremony (Fort Garry Campus)||June 2-7, 2022|
For students graduating Spring 2022
|Deadline to apply online to graduate for most Undergraduate students||January 21, 2022|
|Faculty of Graduate Studies Submission Deadline*||March 31, 2022|
|Convocation Ceremony- Agriculture Diploma||May 6, 2022|
|Convocation Ceremony (Bannatyne Campus)||May 19, 2022|
|Convocation Ceremony (Fort Garry Campus)||June 2-7, 2022|
|Convocation Ceremony- Université de Saint-Boniface||June 13, 2022|
|Graduate Studies Submission Deadline* for students graduating Fall 2022||August 25, 2022|
|Annual Traditional Graduation Pow Wow in honour of Indigenous graduates||May 7, 2022|
Last date for receipt by Graduate Studies of Theses/Practica and reports on Theses/Practica, comprehensive examinations, and project reports from students, and lists of potential graduands from departments.
Dates for Summer Term
Start and End Dates (Generally Monday to Thursday classes)
Classes on Monday, May 23th will be made up on Friday, May 27th
Classes on Monday, August 1st will be made up on Friday, August 5th
|May- June||May 9 to June 16, 2022 6 hours instruction/week|
|July-August||July 4 to August 11, 2022 6 hours instruction/week|
|May- August 3 credits||May 9 to August 11, 2022 3 hours instruction/week|
|May-August 6 credits||May 9 to August 11, 2022 6 hours instruction/week|
Registration and Withdrawal Dates
Regular Registration Period
Registration start dates are to be determined by the Registrar’s Office.
|May-June||Ends May 8, 2022|
|July- August||Ends July 3, 2022|
|May- August 3 credits||Ends May 8, 2022|
|May-August 6 credits||Ends May 8, 2022|
Late Registration/Registration Revision Period
Students may use this period of time to make changes to their selected courses or class schedule.
|May-June||May 9 to May 12, 2022|
|July- August||July 4 to July 7, 2022|
|May-August 3 credits||May 9 to May 19, 2022|
|May-August 6 credits||May 9 to May 12, 2022|
Last Date to Drop without Penalty
Last date to drop and have course excluded from transcripts; VWs will be recorded on transcriptsfor courses dropped after this date. There will be no refunds for courses dropped after this date.
|May-June||May 12, 2022|
|July-August||July 7, 2022|
|May- August 3 credits||May 19, 2022|
|May- August 6 credits||May 12, 2022|
Voluntary Withdrawal (VW) deadline
Last date to withdraw and not receive a final grade; students cannot withdraw from courses after this date.
|May-June||June 7, 2022|
|July-August||August 2, 2022|
|May- August 3 credits||July 21, 2022|
|May-August 6 credits||July 21, 2022|
Fee Payment Deadlines
A financial penalty will be assessed on accounts with an outstanding balance after this date. (determined by Financial Services)
Examination and Test Dates
|May-June||June 20 to 25, 2022|
|July-August||August 15 to 20, 2022|
|May-August 3 credits||August 15 to 20, 2022|
|May-August 6 credits||August 15 to 20, 2022|
This course covers the basic principles of contract law, including how a contract is formed; what is an offer; what constitutes acceptance; whether all promises are enforceable as a contract; when parties should be allowed to avoid obligations; what happens if one party misrepresents the quality of subject matter of the contract; what happens when a party makes a mistake about what they buy or sell; what should happen if one party takes advantage of another for a better deal for themselves. May not be held with LAW 1100.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 1100
A general introduction to criminal law and procedure dealing with principles of criminal liability, common defenses to criminal charges, selected specific offences, and the basic procedures to be followed in the administration of criminal justice in Canada.
An examination of the legal problems arising from the nature of the Canadian political structure and, in particular, the distribution of legislative powers between the federal parliament and the provincial legislatures and an introduction to the impact of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
A general introduction to the law of torts and other compensation systems such as the Workers' Compensation and Criminal Injuries Compensation schemes.
A general introduction to the principles of property with special emphasis on the principles of real property, their historical development and modern application.
An introduction to the study of law including initial analysis of various aspects of legal history, the structure of the legal system, legal reasoning, statutory interpretation, dispute resolution and the role of the judiciary.
An introduction to legal research and writing skills and oral advocacy. This course is graded on a pass/fail basis.
The law of testate and intestate succession, Part IV of The Marital Property Act, and The Dependents' Relief Act.
The nature and functions of modern inter vivos and testamentary trusts. The creation of express, private trusts, charitable trusts, resulting trusts, and constructive trusts. The administration of trusts, and real and personal remedies of beneficiaries under trusts.
A study of the rules relating to the admissibility and weight of evidence in judicial proceedings. May not be held with LAW 2600.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 2600
An overview of key legal issues regarding familial relationships and family breakdown in Canadian society. Topics include cohabitation, marriage, separation, divorce, child custody and access, spousal and child support and property division.
A detailed study of the conduct of a case from its inception through to trial. The course requires that students prepare and conduct a trial. This course is graded on a pass/fail basis.
An introduction to the rules of civil procedure. May not be held with LAW 2670
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 2670
Most legal disputes settle before trial. This course examines how lawyers assist their clients through effective interviewing, counseling, strategic planning and negotiation as well as some of the mechanisms, both judicial and non-judicial, that facilitate pre-trial dispute settlement.
A study of the major legal, practical and policy issues arising out of the formation and operation of business organizations in Canada, with a particular focus on business corporations. Students will examine major principles of Canadian corporate law, including corporate personality, management power, majority rule and minority protection.
The object of this course is to develop a working knowledge of the basic principles and rules of the income tax system as these apply to individuals. A parallel objective is the discovery of the major policy positions that inform the personal income tax system and the development of the ability to use tax policy analysis to evaluate advantages of, and problems with, the current system.
Explores the legal, practical and social realities of international business transactions.
The course will deal with the doctrine, practice and policy issues in international trade and business.
An advanced study of corporations law from various theoretical and practical perspectives.
Critical and constructive study, at an advanced level, of a significant major subject or set of topics in Human Rights Law.
The primary purpose of this course is to train students in lawyering skills. Students will be required to engage in classroom work and participate in simulated exercises. Emphasis will be given to the difference between board and court advocacy.
Introduction to the basic principles of insurance law. The fundamental elements to most types of policies will be examined with particular emphasis on property and liability insurance. The terms and provisions specific insurance policies and coverages such as automobile, property, liability policies will also be covered.
A general introduction to the problems of professional responsibility and the ethics of lawyers individually, as well as the legal profession collectively. Topics dealt with will include ethical problems of the lawyer in the role of the advocate and in the role of counsellor (confidentiality, conflict of interest, etc.); professional responsibility in the delivery of legal service (competency, fee determination, specialization, regulation etc) and the legal profession and the public interest (governance of profession, discipline, professional liability etc) These problems are to be studied by the critical examination of case law, codes, canons, and other published materials, by classroom discussion and debate on problems; and by workshops and panels which involve practising lawyers.
An in-depth examination of the law of Trade-marks and Patents, including underlying policy objectives.
An in-depth examination of the law of Copyright.
Details in each case to be worked out with the Associate Dean. 10,000 words for 3 credit hours. May not be held with LAW 3490.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3490
Students will be expected to provide research assistance to the Justices, and students will be asked to provide written memoranda and other research to help the Justices prepare for trail or application hearings. Discussions of legal issues may follow from the work that students do. May not be held with LAW 3250 when titled " Court of Queen's Bench Clerkship" Grading: Pass/Fail.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3250
Students will be expected to provide research assistance to the Justices, and students will be asked to provide written memoranda to help the Justices prepare for hearings. Discussions of legal issues may follow from the other work that students do. Grading is on a Pass/Fail basis.
A study of secured transactions and negotiable instruments.
An exploration of ideas about gender differentiation in law, the legal system, legal education and the legal profession. It will offer an introduction to the feminist critique of law and feminist theories about sexual equality and discrimination.
Relationships between child, family, state and law are examined within an interdisciplinary context, focusing on such issues as rights theories and the public/private distinction; regulation of young offenders, child protection and state intervention; children in the courts; and the particular challenges of older children/ young adults at the boundary between childhood and adulthood.
This course investigates the origins of, and regulation of, charities and charity law as well as regulation of other non-profit entities. Typical topics considered in this course include the social, economic and cultural importance of an ethic of giving, the tax benefits attendant upon charitable status, dimensions of fund-raising, public and private foundations and terrorism and international charities.
This course will serve as a bridge between the introductory family law course and the Advanced Family Law course, enabling students to develop a deeper understanding of the issues in this area of the law and to be better prepared to assimilate the necessary skills to be successful in this high demand area of practice. Registration restricted to students in Year 3. This course is evaluated on a pass/fail basis. May not be held with LAW 3250 when titled Clinical Family.
PR/CR: A minimum grade of C is required unless otherwise indicated.
Prerequisite: LAW 2640.
This course offers a detailed exploration of the theory and practice of dispute resolution focusing on the various approaches, private and court-connected, currently used to resolve conflict. In critically examining selected alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, the course exposes students to issues such as rights-based and interest-based dispute resolution, power, gender and culture in ADR processes and the functions, and skills required of, third party interveners. May not be held with the former LAW 3160 or LAW 3162.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3160, LAW 3162
The refugee definition; the need for refugee protection; procedural protection for refugee claimants; a comparative study of refugee determination systems; the legality of a refugee sanctuary movement; the legal status of refugee claimants in Canada; refugee and immigrant detention; the relevance of Charter guarantees to refugees and immigrants; visa requirements and airline fines; the international system of refugee protection; racist intention and effect in immigration and refugee law; material misrepresentation as a ground of exclusion; medical inadmissibility; equivalence of Canadian and foreign criminal offenses for purposes of exclusion; the relevance of foreign laws in determining family composition of sponsored immigrants. May not be held with LAW 3200.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3200
Credit for selected students who satisfactorily participate in those academic competitions approved by Faculty Council. This course is graded on a pass/fail basis.
The course shall provide an overview of land claims and treaty land entitlement policies in Canada and their impact upon land claims by Aboriginal communities.
Critical and constructive study, at an advanced level, of a significant major subject or set of topics. This course is graded on a pass/fail basis.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3032
The primary purpose of this offering is to train students in lawyering skills in the criminal law area. To this end, instruction is given on an intensive basis in small groups. Students may be required to engage in classroom work; to participate in various forms of simulation exercises and to conduct actual client based cases under the supervision of the instructor. Particular emphasis will be given to questions of professional responsibility and ethics. Registration restricted to students in Year 3. This course is evaluated on a pass/fail basis. May not be held with LAW 3300.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3300
A study of the laws relating to Aboriginal Peoples in North America from the colonial period to the present. Special emphasis will be given to aboriginal rights, hunting and fishing rights, the legal aspects of Indian Treaties and the Indian Act. A more general treatment will be given to a study of Aboriginal Peoples' relationship to civil and criminal law in modern Canadian society.
A detailed study of employment law including employment principles, constructive and wrongful dismissal, just cause, human rights and remedies.
The object of this course is to explore the law and policy related to the regulation of tainted finance. It aims to critique and appraise the merits of governance, both international and domestic. It begins with a broad overview of the relationship between tainted finance and global problems and then moves to consideration of discrete aspects. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
We will critically examine television programs and films that are concerned with law, lawyers and justice. We will study them with a view to discovering how popular culture constitutes law (the influence of popular culture on law) and how law helps create popular cultural understandings of justice, including popular perceptions of lawyers and legal institutions (the influence of law on popular culture). We will also theorize about the capacity of law and popular culture to generate social meaning. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
The vast majority of criminal charges result in a conviction, whether by guilty plea or conviction at trail. This seminar focuses on the principles and practice of sentencing, while also looking in some detail at the sanction of imprisonment, penal policy and prisoner's rights. This course will be run as an advanced seminar class. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled"
Advanced topics in trial presentation, procedure and evidence with concentration on jury trials.
This course deals comprehensively with the law of agency, including the various ways in which and authorities with which an agent can be empowered, the contractual and tort liabilities of Principals, Agents and Third Party's arising from an exercise of authority by Agents, and the duties and rights of Agents. The pairing of the law of agency and partnership is natural because the law of agency is a foundational pillar of the partnership business form. Next to the corporation, partnership is the most common form in which entrepreneurs carry on business. The course will provide an introduction to the law governing partnerships. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
This course will serve as abridge between the academic study of law and the practice of law. Connecting academic study with community service through structured reflection contributes to learning that is deeper, longer lasting and more generalizable to new situations and contexts. An Internship will provide opportunities for cooperative experiences and addressing legal problems, this will require students to engage in problem solving by drawing on the substantive knowledge they have acquired over the course of their law studies.This course is graded on a pass/fail basis.
This course explores how individuals seek to manage their legal problems b engaging with and navigating the civil justice system in Manitoba. Topics which may be covered in the course include: public legal services; the proliferation of self-represented litigants; the role of pro bono services; rural and remote Access to Justice (A2J); the cots of justice; the state of A2J research; the provision of legal services by non-lawyers; on line dispute resolution; and, technology, innovation and the legal practice of the future. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
This course provides students with an introduction to Canadian bankruptcy insolvency law under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act. By the end of the course students will understand the main components of Canadian bankruptcy and insolvency law as well as the key policy issues. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
This course surveys selected issues involving sexual work, performances, expression and the criminal law. The main focus of the course is on the development of obscenity and indecency laws, prostitution-related laws, voyeurism laws, artistic expression, revenge pornography, cyber sexual crimes, bestiality laws, campus sexual regulation and hateful sexual speech. Study of these topic areas is based on a doctrinal, socio-legal and anthropological history of sexual regulation beginning in ancient Pompeii and leads to an assessment of law in modern day Canada. The course thus explores theories underpinning freedom of expression, equality and liberty. The course engages doctrinal issues in criminal law, constitutional law, tort law and to a certain extent, jurisprudence and the philosophies inherent in law and society approaches. WARNING: This course contains graphic (though legal) sexual content. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
The Faculty participates in several national moot competitions. Manitoba sends teams of 2-5 students to each competition. Each competition involves the preparation of written material and oral argument before distinguished judges, lawyers and legal academics. Note, the Laskin Moot is bilingual and at least one of the members must argue in French and part of the written material is written in French. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled ". This course is graded on a pass/fail basis.
This course will provide students with the wherewithal to conduct legal research across a number of jurisdictions using both print and digital formats. Students are evaluated on a number of research exercises, a midterm examination, a major research pathfinder and a presentation of research results.
From a law perspective, the study of animals thus provides opportunity to think critically about: Crown ownership versus private property ownership; regulatory takings; natural resources and environmental legal frameworks; tort law; trade law; property law; intellectual property and regulation of biotechnology; regulation of food and agriculture; migrant workers and employment and immigration law and policy; animal health and welfare; animal rights and standing; and ultimately, the role of law. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
This course examines the intersections between law and resistance, including the ways in which individuals, groups and/or communities may challenge the dominant power of various entities (governments, institutions, corporations or other organizations, Indigenous communities) or individuals and the decisions they make and the actions they take. The course shall also explore the spectrum of responses that legal systems employ to legitimize or punish the conduct of such resisters. Acts of resistance may have an impact (directly or indirectly) in shaping the law-its creation, interpretation or enforcement. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled "
Le cours de Droits linguistiques aborde les differents aspects juridiques et politiques de la protection par l'etat de sa diversite linguistique. Apres une introduction mettant !'accent sur le contexte social, politique et culture! des droits linguistiques au Canada et au Manitoba, le cours examinera le droit constitutionnel et legislatif applicable au niveau federal et dans les provinces canadiennes, les droits linguistiques autochtones, et la protection des droits linguistiques en droit international et ailleurs au monde. Le cours se conclura par un examen des visions des communautes de langues officielles en situation minoritaire (et tout particulierement, la communaute franco-manitobaine) face a leur avenir. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled ". Taught in English and French.
A study of how statues and regulations are made in the Province of Manitoba, and how lawyers can effectively represent their clients in the context of lawmaking by politicians, civil servants and regulators.
The course deals with the legal aspects of prevention, creation, alteration, maintenance and termination of life through medical and other scientific means.
A study of the basic concepts and application of the securities regulatory system in Canada. May not be held with LAW 3390.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3390
This is a perspectives course. It will cover legislation, case law and practical drafting techniques in many areas in order to better equip students in the practice of law, and at the same time invite students to reflect upon the political and social issues that arise as "cyberlaw" develops. Subject matter of the course: The legislation, court decisions, policy debates and practical drafting and litigation techniques connected with the internet and e-commerce. A variety of issues will be covered, including: freedom of expression issues, jurisdiction, internet speech regulation; online privacy issues; intellectual property issues, including domain names and downloading of copyright material; internet commerce issues, such as the law of contracts pertaining to online contracting. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled “Internet and Ecommerce Law”.
The historical background of the Canadian legal system.
A study of the law relating to damages, specific performance, injunctions, and other equitable remedies.
A study of federal tax laws as they affect corporation income, as well as a discussion of the effects of income tax laws on corporate and other commercial planning.
A study of taxation principles as they relate to partnership and trust income and estate planning.
An introduction to administrative law generally, with concentration on the judicial review of the exercise of statutory authority by administrative entities.
This course follows the general introduction to the complexities and principles of criminal law presented in earlier courses on criminal law and evidence. It emphasizes the ways in which these complexities and principles play out in practice and has a strong practical component. It is well-suited for students considering working in the field of criminal law. The first half of the course will address the demands placed on prosecutors and defence counsel at various points of a prosecution, including, inter alia, application for judicial interim release, the preparation of pre-trial motions, direct and cross-examination, and sentencing. These demands are not only statutory, but also logistical, tactical and ethical. The second half of the course will look at these demands in the context of certain "special" criminal law contexts, including, inter alia, impaired driving, young offenders, domestic violence, and drug prosecutions. Registration restricted to students in Year 3. May not be held with LAW 3250 when titled “Intensive Criminal Law”. Grading: Pass/Fail.
The rules of Criminal Procedure and principles underlying and unifying such rules with a particular emphasis on the effect of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms on those rules.
The balance between technical development and the life-support capacity of the environment. The acquisition and nature of private rights in natural resources and their control by legislation and common law. Remedies for environmental degradation. Constitutional and international legal issues.
An introduction to civil law; a brief historical survey, codification, judicial philosophy, detailed study of selected comparative law topics in tort and contract with special reference to the Civil Code of the Province of Quebec. An introduction to Soviet law, detailed study of selected topics in Soviet law.
This course provides students with a fuller appreciation and knowledge of several topics of interest and importance for Canadian public law, including the changing boundaries of public law in our "shrinking" state, the scope and meaning of judicial, administrative and bureaucratic independence, the role of international human rights norms in Canadian constitutional and administrative law, the intersection between the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and administrative law and the role of guidelines, policies and other "soft law" in public administration. Although focused on Canadian public law, the course may include a comparative component and draw from the public law experience of other jurisdictions. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled “Advanced Public Law”.
PR/CR: A minimum grade of C is required unless otherwise indicated.
Prerequisite: LAW 3530.
The law relating to vendors and purchasers of land and to mortgages and other security on land.
Public international law has a complex history, one that lends itself to conflicting interpretations. It has also been the object of a variety of competing theoretical projects, most of which diverge radically on questions of form and substance. This course provides an historically and theoretically reinforced introduction to the basic rules, principles, and institutions of public international law.
A survey of the development of trade unions; their present status under both federal and provincial legislation regarding the right of association, collective bargaining, and the settlement of disputes.
The course will provide students with hands-on experience in working with scholarly writing. Students will develop their evaluation and critical analysis skills through the process of editing for publication all submissions to the Journal. May not be held with the former LAW 3820 or the former LAW 3822. Grading: Pass/Fail.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3822
The course will provide students with hands-on experience in working with scholarly writing. Students will develop their evaluation and critical analysis skills through the process of completing full substantive and copy edits on two or three articles during the course of the year. Working as Senior Editors students will develop their interpersonal skills by communicating with authors and by supervising and managing the work of Junior Editors. May not be held with LAW 3250 when titled “Advanced Scholarly Publications”. Grading: Pass/Fail.
This course examines the causes of wrongful convictions, how to avoid them, detection mechanisms and remedies that should be provided under international instruments when a miscarriage of justice has occurred. The course starts by examining the environmental factors that nurture a miscarriage of justice, including the adversarial system of criminal justice. It then examines the role of the various players in the criminal justice system, and how each can inadvertently feed into a wrongful conviction - individually, or in combination with other factors. May not be held with LAW 3980 when titled “Preventing Wrongful Convictions”.
Students who are selected to act as student supervisors at the University Law Centre during the summer and who continue to actively serve the University Law Centre during their third year may, by successfully completing a written assignment approved by a faculty supervisor, opt for the Legal Aid Clinic. May not be held with LAW 3830. Grading: Pass/Fail.
Mutually Exclusive: LAW 3830
It has to do with choosing what place to sue, what law applies when the law of more than one place might apply, and with the enforceability of judgments through foreign courts. May not be held with LAW 3850.
Equiv To: LAW 3850
A study, involving practical exercises of certain aspects of solicitors' work, including interviewing, negotiating, counseling and memo writing.
A general course in municipal law, including important aspects of land-use control and planning law. Although the course deals generally with the nature, structure, functions, and powers of the various units comprising the local level of government, the focus is primarily on municipal corporations. Topics covered include assessment and taxation, land-use planning and control, tort liability, judicial review of bylaws, qualification and accountability of councillors, and the law relating to expropriation,as well as some discussion of contemporary urban problems.
An in-depth study of the legal, philosophical and historical foundations of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Included is a study of both the American and European experience with Charters of Rights as well as Canadian case law.
Critical and constructive study, at an advanced level, of a significant major subject or set of topics.
The primary purpose of the Externship is to allow students an opportunity to work in a legal context where they gain professional knowledge and skills related to law, the legal profession and legal practice. Particular emphasis will be given to questions of professional responsibility and ethics. Within the workplace, students will be required to participate in various forms of exercises and to conduct work within an actual work setting where they face real day-to-day work situations under the supervision of practicing lawyers. Depending on the nature of the placement, they may be required to engage in classroom work. Registration restricted to students in Year 3. Grading: Pass/Fail.
- Residence and Written English and Mathematics Requirements
- Course Identification
- Grades and Grade Point Average Calculation
- Academic Evaluation
- Academic Integrity
- Appeals of Grades
- Attendance and Withdrawal
- Deferred and Supplemental Examinations
- Final Examinations
- Hold Status
- Graduation and Convocation
- Personal Information
This chapter contains the regulations and requirements that apply to all students, regardless of faculty or school.
Each faculty and school has its own supplementary regulations and requirements. These are published in the faculty or school chapters of the Academic Calendar. Some faculties and schools also have additional regulations and requirements governing their programs; these are available from the faculty or school.
It is the responsibility of each student to be familiar with the academic regulations and requirements of the University of Manitoba in general and of the specific academic regulations and requirements of their faculty or school of registration. Accordingly, students are asked to seek the advice of advisors in faculty and school general offices whenever there is any question concerning how specific regulations apply to their situations.
Residence Requirements For Graduation
Each faculty and school recommends to the Senate the number of credit hours each student must complete in order to graduate from its programs. Senate also requires each student to complete a minimum number of credit hours at the University of Manitoba -- this is called the “residence requirement.”
Unless otherwise stated in faculty and school chapters, the minimum residence requirement of the University of Manitoba is the work normally associated with one year in the case of programs of three years’ duration, and two years for programs of four years’ duration. Some faculties and schools may have additional residence requirements specified in their program regulations. However, in all cases, the residence requirement is assessed following an appraisal of the educational record of the student applying to transfer credits from another institution or applying to earn credits elsewhere on a letter of permission. The residence requirement is not reduced for students whose “challenge for credit” results in a passing grade.
University English and Mathematics Requirements for Undergraduate Students
All students are required to complete, within the first 60 credit hours of their programs, a minimum of one three credit hour course with significant content in written English, and a minimum of one three credit hour course with significant content in mathematics.
Some degree programs have designated specific written English and mathematics courses to fulfil this requirement.
Price Faculty of Engineering have their own written English requirements.
Some degree programs require that the written English and/or mathematics requirements be completed prior to admission.
See the program descriptions in the faculty and school chapters of the Academic Calendar for details.
Exemptions to the Written English and Mathematics Requirement
- All students with completed baccalaureate degrees and who transfer into any program to which these requirements apply.
- Registered Nurses entering the Bachelor of Nursing Program for Registered Nurses.
- Students admitted before the 1997-98 Regular Session.
- Written English exemption only: Students transferring from Université de Saint-Boniface who have completed a written French requirement (at the university) before transferring to the University of Manitoba will be deemed to have met the written English requirement.
Approved English and Mathematics Courses
A complete list of all courses which satisfy the university written English and mathematics requirement is provided below. (When searching for courses in Aurora, students may search Course Attributes for courses that satisfy the written English and Mathematics requirements).
Note that some programs may restrict the choice of English or Mathematics courses. See the program descriptions in the faculty and school chapters of the Academic Calendar for details.
Written English Courses
|AGRI 2030||Technical Communications||3|
|ANTH 1520||Critical Cultural Anthropology||3|
|ANTH 2020||Relatedness in a Globalizing World||3|
|ANTH 2230||Anthropology of Travel and Tourism||3|
|ANTH 3330||Sex and Sexualities||3|
|ARTS 1110||Introduction to University||3|
|ASIA 1420||Asian Civilizations to 1500 (B)||3|
|ASIA 1430||Asian Civilization from 1500 (B)||3|
|CDN 1130||Introduction to Canadian Studies||6|
|CATH 1190||Introduction to Catholic Studies||3|
|CATH 2010||Literature and Catholic Culture 1||3|
|CATH 2020||Literature and Catholic Culture 2||3|
|CLAS 2612||Greek Literature in Translation||3|
|CLAS 2622||Latin Literature in Translation||3|
|ENGL 0930||English Composition||3|
|ENGL 0940||Writing About Literature||3|
|ENGL 1XXX||All English courses at the 1000 level|
|ENGL 2XXX||All English courses at the 2000 level|
|ENGL 3XXX||All English courses at the 3000 level|
|ENGL 4XXX||All English courses at the 4000 level|
|ENVR 2810||Environmental Critical Thinking and Scientific Research||3|
|ENVR 2810||Environmental Critical Thinking and Scientific Research||3|
|FAAH 2930||Writing about Art||3|
|FILM 2280||Film and Literature||6|
|FORS 2000||Introductory Forensic Science||3|
|GEOG 2900||Geography of Canadian Prairie Landscapes (A)||3|
|GEOL 3130||Communication Methods in the Geological Sciences||3|
|GMGT 1010||Business and Society||3|
|GMGT 2010||Business Communications||3|
|GPE 2700||Perspectives on Global Political Economy||3|
|GRMN 1300||Masterpieces of German Literature in English Translation (C)||3|
|GRMN 1310||Love in German Culture in English Translation (C)||3|
|GRMN 2120||Introduction to German Culture from 1918 to the Present (C)||3|
|GRMN 2130||Introduction to German Culture from the Beginnings to 1918 (C)||3|
|GRMN 2500||Special Topics in German in English Translation (C)||3|
|GRMN 2510||German Fairy Tales from the Brothers Grimm to Hollywood (C)||3|
|GRMN 3262||Representations of the Holocaust in English Translation (C)||3|
|GRMN 3270||Studies in Contemporary German Cinema (C)||3|
|GRMN 3282||Sex, Gender and Cultural Politics in the German-Speaking World in English Translation (C)||3|
|GRMN 3390||German Representations of War (C)||3|
|GRMN 3510||Special Topics in German in English Translation (C)||3|
|GRMN 3530||Special Topics in Comparative German and Slavic Studies (C)||3|
|HIST 1XXX||All History courses at 1000 level|
|HIST 2XXX||All History courses at 2000 level|
|HNSC 2000||Research Methods and Presentation||3|
|LABR 1260||Working for a Living||3|
|LABR 1290||Introduction to the Canadian Labour Movement||3|
|LABR 2200||Labour History: Canada and Beyond (C)||3|
|LABR 2300||Workers, Employers and the State||3|
|LABR 4510||Labour Studies Field Placement Seminar||3|
|LAW 1540||Legal Methods||5|
|LAW 2650||Introduction to Advocacy||3|
|LING 2740||Interpretation Theory||3|
|NATV 1200||Indigenous Peoples in Canada||6|
|NATV 1220||Indigenous Peoples in Canada, Part 1||3|
|NATV 1240||Indigenous Peoples in Canada, Part 2||3|
|NATV 2012||Indigenous History in Canada||6|
|NATV 2020||The Métis in Canada||3|
|NATV 2110||Introduction to Indigenous Community Development||3|
|PHIL 2612||A Philosophical History of Science||3|
|PHIL 2614||Philosophy of Science||3|
|PHIL 2790||Moral Philosophy||6|
|PHIL 3220||Feminist Philosophy||3|
|POL 1900||Love, Heroes and Patriotism in Contemporary Poland||3|
|POL 2600||Polish Culture until 1918||3|
|POL 2610||Polish Culture 1918 to the Present||3|
|POL 2660||Special Topics in Polish Literature and Culture||3|
|POLS 1502||Introduction to Political Studies||3|
|PSYC 2500||Elements of Ethology||3|
|PSYC 3200||Thinking Critically About Psychological Research||3|
|PSYC 3380||Nature, Nurture and Behaviour||3|
|PSYC 4520||Honours Research Seminar||6|
|RLGN 1322||Introduction to Eastern Religions||3|
|RLGN 1324||Introduction to Western Religions||3|
|RLGN 1420||Ethics in World Religions||3|
|RLGN 1424||Religion and Sexuality||3|
|RLGN 1440||Evil in World Religions||3|
|RLGN 2032||Introduction to the Study of Religion||3|
|RLGN 2036||Introduction to Christianity||3|
|RLGN 2052||Conservative Christianity in the United States||3|
|RLGN 2112||Medicine, Magic, and Miracle in the Ancient World||3|
|RLGN 2116||Cognitive Science and Religion||3|
|RLGN 2140||Introduction to Judaism||3|
|RLGN 2160||Hebrew Bible (Tanakh/"Old Testament")||3|
|RLGN 2162||Great Jewish Books||3|
|RLGN 2170||Introduction to the New Testament||3|
|RLGN 2222||The Supernatural in Popular Culture||3|
|RLGN 2590||Religion and Social Issues||3|
|RLGN 3102||Myth and Mythmaking: Narrative, Ideology, Scholarship||3|
|RUSN 1400||Masterpieces of Russian Literature in Translation||3|
|RUSN 1410||Love in Russian Culture in English Translation||3|
|RUSN 2280||Russian Culture until 1900||3|
|RUSN 2290||Russian Culture from 1900 to the Present||3|
|RUSN 2310||Exploring Russia through Film||3|
|RUSN 2410||Russian Literature after Stalin||3|
|RUSN 2600||Special Topics in Russian Culture in English Translation||3|
|RUSN 2740||Literature and Revolution||3|
|SLAV 3530||Special Topics in Comparative German and Slavic Studies||3|
|SOC 3100||Practicum in Criminological/Sociological Research||6|
|SOC 3350||Feminism and Sociological Theory||3|
|UKRN 2200||Ukrainian Myth, Rites and Rituals||3|
|UKRN 2410||Ukrainian Canadian Cultural Experience||3|
|UKRN 2590||Ukrainian Literature and Film||3|
|UKRN 2600||Special Topics in Ukrainian Studies||3|
|UKRN 2770||Ukrainian Culture until 1900||3|
|UKRN 2780||Ukrainian Culture from 1900 to the Present||3|
|UKRN 2820||Holodomor and Holocaust in Ukrainian Literature and Culture||3|
|UKRN 3970||Women and Ukrainian Literature||3|
|WOMN 1500||Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies in the Humanities||3|
|WOMN 1600||Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies in the Social Sciences||3|
|WOMN 2560||Women, Science and Technology||3|
|WOMN 3520||Transnational Feminisms||3|
|AGRI 2400||Experimental Methods in Agricultural and Food Sciences||3|
|ECON 2040||Quantitative Methods in Economics||3|
|FA 1020||Mathematics in Art||3|
|GEOG 3810||Quantitative Research Methods in Geography (TS)||3|
|MATH 1XXX||All Mathematics courses at 1000 level|
|MATH 2XXX||All Mathematics at 2000 level|
|MATH 3XXX||All Mathematics at 3000 level|
|MATH 4XXX||All Mathematics at 4000 level|
|MUSC 3230||Acoustics of Music||3|
|PHYS 1020||General Physics 1||3|
|PHYS 1030||General Physics 2||3|
|PSYC 2260||Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology||3|
|SOC 2294||Understanding Social Statistics||3|
|STAT 1XXX||All Statistics courses at 1000 level|
|STAT 2XXX||All Statistics courses at 2000 level|
|STAT 3XXX||All Statistics courses at 3000 level|
|STAT 4XXX||All Statistics courses at 4000 level|
Credit Hours (Cr.Hrs.)
Each faculty and school develops courses for its degree credit programs, subject to Senate approval, and assigns a credit hour value to each course.
The credit hours for a course are expressed as a number associated with the course which indicates its relative weight. There is a correlation between class hours and credit hours (i.e. 6 credit hours = 3 hours a week, two terms; and 3 credit hours = 3 hours a week, one term).
For the purposes of registration, courses taught over both the Fall and Winter Terms have been divided into two parts. The credit hour value of the course are divided equally and applied to each part of the course. For example: for a six credit hour spanned course each of the Fall and Winter Term parts of the course will be assigned the value of three credit hours. Students registering for term spanning courses will receive one grade for the course and only when the second part is completed. The course grade will be applied to both the Fall and Winter parts of the course.
Prerequisite and Co-requisite Courses
Prerequisite: If a course is prerequisite for a second course, the prerequisite must be met in order to begin the second course. To determine whether or not a course has a prerequisite, see the course descriptions in the chapter of the faculty or school offering the course. Normally, a minimum grade of “C” is required in all courses listed as prerequisites, except as otherwise noted in the course descriptions.
For some courses, the prerequisite may be completed before registering for the second course or may be taken concurrently with the second course. To determine if a course may be taken concurrently, see the course descriptions in the chapter of the faculty or school offering the course.
Co-requisite: If a first course is a co-requisite for a second course, the first course must be completed in the same term as the second course. To determine if a course has a co-requisite, see the course descriptions in the chapter of the faculty or school offering the course.
First Two to Four Characters
The two, three or four characters in every course number are a shortened version of the subject of the course.
Last Four Digits
At the University of Manitoba the last four digits of the course number reflect the level of contact with the subject.
ECON is the code for Economics.
1210 indicates that it is an introductory or entry level course.
If the course requires a laboratory, this will be shown following the credit hours immediately following the title.
BIOL 3242 (lab required)
The 2000, 3000, 4000 course numbers indicate the second, third, and fourth levels of university contact with a subject.
Numbers in the 5000 range are normally associated with pre-Master’s work or courses in the Post Baccalaureate Diploma and the Post-Graduate Medical Education programs.
Courses numbered 6000-8000 are graduate courses of the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
Course numbers in the 9000 series are used to identify courses taken at the University of Winnipeg by students in the University of Manitoba/University of Winnipeg Joint Master’s Programs. The 9000 numbers do not indicate the level of the course taken (see Graduate Calendar or University of Winnipeg Calendar).
In most cases, some correlation exists between the course number and a student's year of study; that is, students in the third year of a program will generally carry course loads comprised primarily of 3000-level courses.
Other course numbering information
Courses with numbers that end in 0 or an even number are taught in English, most of which are offered on the Fort Garry or Bannatyne campuses or through Distance and Online Education.
Courses with numbers that end in odd numbers are taught in French at Université de Saint-Boniface.
Grades and Grade Point Average Calculation
Final grades in most courses are expressed as letters, ranging from F, to A+ the highest. A grade of D is the lowest passing grade, however the minimum grade required to use a course as credit toward a degree or diploma program may be set higher by a faculty or school. Refer to faculty and school regulations. Each letter grade has an assigned numerical value which is used to calculate grade point averages. Grading scales used to determine the final letter grade may vary between courses and programs.
Some courses are graded on a pass/fail basis and because no numerical value is assigned to these courses, they do not affect grade point averages. Courses graded in this way are clearly identified in course descriptions and program outlines.
The Letter Grade System
|Letter Grade||Grade Point Value||Description|
The grade of “D” is regarded as marginal in most courses by all faculties and schools. It contributes to decreasing a term, degree or cumulative Grade Point Average to less than 2.0. Courses graded “D” may be repeated for the purpose of improving a GPA. Note that some faculties and schools consider a grade of “D” as unacceptable and will not apply the course toward the program as credit. In most cases the course will need to be repeated to attain the acceptable grade. Refer to faculty and school regulations.
The University of Manitoba will report cumulative and term grade point averages for all students through Aurora Student.
Please also refer to the Grade Point Averages Policy found in the University Policies and Procedures..
The quality points for a course are the product of the credit hours for the course and the grade point obtained by the student; e.g., 3 credit hours with a grade of “B” (3.0 points) = 3 credit hours x 3.0 = 9.0 quality points.
Quality Point Total
The quality point total is the sum of quality points accumulated as students proceed through their program of studies.
Grade Point Average (GPA)
The grade point average (GPA) is the quality point total divided by the total number of credit hours.
|Course||Credit Hours||Grade||Grade Points||Quality Points|
Grade point average: 240 Quality Points / 15 Credit Hours = 3.20
Poor Grades and Program Progression
A course in which a “D” standing is obtained may need to be repeated by probationary students in certain faculties or where a minimum grade of “C” is required in a prerequisite subject or to meet degree requirements.
Students in doubt as to the status of their record should consult an advisor in their faculty or school.
For minimum grade levels, especially as they affect progression requirements, see the faculty or school regulations in the Academic Calendar or consult an advisor.
Students qualify for the Honour List (Dean’s, Director’s, University 1) when they achieve qualifying grade point averages, as specified by the faculty/school or program regulations.
In addition, outstanding academic achievement will qualify students for other honours and awards. These include:
- the University Gold Medal, which is awarded at graduation in each faculty or school to the student with the most outstanding academic record;
- program medals, which are awarded by faculties and schools to the best student graduating from a specific program;
- graduation “with distinction”, which is recorded on the transcripts of all students who attain a qualifying grade point average;
- and other medals and prizes that are specific to programs or disciplines.
Methods of Evaluation
Students shall be informed of the method of evaluation to be used in each course, as specified in the Responsibilities of Academic Staff with Regard to Students Policy, found in the University Policies and Procedures.
In departments where a course is offered in more than one section, the department offering the course endeavours to provide instruction so that all sections cover similar topics and that all students achieve a similar level of competency in the topic. However, there will be differences in evaluation as well as in teaching style, readings and assignments from one section to another. Students may contact the department for additional information before registration.
Credit for Term Work
In subjects involving written examinations, laboratories, and term assignments, a student may be required to pass each component separately. If no final examination is scheduled in a course, the student’s final grade will be determined on the basis of the method of evaluation as announced in the first week of lectures.
If credit is not given for term work, the student’s final grade will be determined entirely by the results of the final written examination. Where the final grade is determined from the results of both term work and final examinations, the method of computing the final grade will be as announced within the first week of classes. Should a student write a deferred examination, term grades earned will normally be taken into account as set out in the immediately preceding paragraph.
A course in which a “D” standing is obtained may need to be repeated by probationary students in certain faculties or where a minimum grade of “C” is required in a prerequisite subject or to meet degree requirements.
Elective courses graded “F” may either be repeated or another elective substituted. All electives in a program must be approved by the faculty or school.
Probation and Academic Suspension
Failure to meet minimum levels of performance as specified in the regulations of the faculty or school will result in a student being placed either on probation or academic suspension in accordance with the faculty or school regulations.
A student’s status is determined, following final examinations, at the end of each term (Fall, Winter or Summer terms) or at the end of an academic session as specified in faculty regulations. A student placed on probation is advised to discuss his/her program prior to the next registration with a representative of the dean or director to determine which courses, if any, should be repeated.
A student placed on academic suspension will normally be permitted to apply for re-entry to the faculty or school after one year has elapsed, but reinstatement is not automatic and individual faculty or school regulations must always be consulted.
While on suspension, students are not normally admissible to another faculty or school.
Other Forms of Earning Degree Credit
Letter of Permission for Transfer of Credit
Students in degree programs at this university may take courses at other recognized colleges or universities for transfer of credit provided such courses are approved at least one month prior to the commencement of classes at the other institution by the faculty or school in which they are currently registered. The approval is subject to individual faculty/school regulations and is granted in the form of a Letter of Permission. The student must obtain a Letter of Permission whether or not the course/s being taken are for transfer of credit to the University of Manitoba. Failure to obtain a Letter of Permission may have serious academic implications.
To obtain a Letter of Permission, application must be made to the Registrar’s Office as early as possible and at least one month prior to when required at the other institution.
Each application must be accompanied by the appropriate fee. The fees are for each application and a separate application is required for each session and institution regardless of the number of courses being considered. Students planning to seek permission to take courses elsewhere for transfer of credit to the University of Manitoba are cautioned to check the current Academic Calendar for the residence and degree requirements of the degree programs in which they are enrolled.
Transferred courses will be given assigned credit hour values and grades. The transferred grade will be included in the student's degree and cumulative GPA.
Challenge for Credit
The purpose of Challenge for Credit is to provide students of the university with some means of obtaining academic credit in University of Manitoba courses (not otherwise obtainable as a transfer of credit from other institutions) for practical training and experience, or reading and study previously completed. Students who have registered to challenge would normally not attend classes or laboratories. Courses which have previously been taken at the University of Manitoba may not be challenged for credit.
To be eligible to challenge for credit a student must first be admitted to a faculty or school of the University of Manitoba. Eligible students will be required to demonstrate their competence in the courses which they are challenging for credit. Where formal, written examinations are required, these will be generally scheduled during the regular examination sessions in April/May, June, August, or December.
For information regarding requirements, procedures, applications and fees a student should contact the office of the faculty or school in which the student is enrolled, or in the case of new students, the faculty or school to which the new student has been admitted.
Application of Course Credit when transferring between Programs within the University of Manitoba
When students transfer into program from another faculty or school within the University of Manitoba, some course credits previously earned may be applied to the new program. The credit hour value assigned by the faculty or school that offers the course is used. That is, there can only be one credit weight designated for a course with a particular course number.
With the exception of decisions on admissions or disciplinary matters, all academic appeals from decisions of faculty or school appeals committees at the University of Manitoba or by the Comiteé d’appels at Université de Saint-Boniface shall be heard by the Senate Appeals Committee regardless of the institute of registration of the student concerned.
The complete terms of reference for the Senate Committee on Appeals as well as an Appeal Form may be obtained from the Office of the University Secretary, 312 Administration Building or Student Advocacy/Student Resource Services, 519 University Centre.
The University of Manitoba takes academic integrity seriously. As a member of the International Centre for Academic Integrity, the University defines academic integrity as a commitment to six fundamental values: honesty, trust, fairness, respect, responsibility and courage. (International Centre for Academic Integrity, 2014)
To help students understand the expectations of the University of Manitoba, definitions for the types of prohibited behaviours are in the Student Academic Misconduct Procedure and provided below.
"Academic Misconduct" means any conduct that has, or might reasonably be seen to have, an adverse effect on the academic integrity of the University, including but not limited to:
(a) Plagiarism – the presentation or use of information, ideas, images, sentences, findings, etc. as one’s own without appropriate attribution in a written assignment, test or final examination.
(b) Cheating on Quizzes, Tests, or Final Examinations – the circumventing of fair testing procedures or contravention of exam regulations. Such acts may be premeditated/planned or may be unintentional or opportunistic.
(c) Inappropriate Collaboration – when a student and any other person work together on assignments, projects, tests, labs or other work unless authorized by the course instructor.
(d) Duplicate Submission – cheating where a student submits a paper/assignment/test in full or in part, for more than one course without the permission of the course instructor.
(e) Personation – writing an assignment, lab, test, or examination for another student, or the unauthorized use of another person’s signature or identification in order to impersonate someone else. Personation includes both the personator and the person initiating the personation.
(f) Academic Fraud – falsification of data or official documents as well as the falsification of medical or compassionate circumstances/documentation to gain accommodations to complete assignments, tests or examinations.
Note that the above applies to written, visual, and spatial assignments as well as oral presentations.
Over the course of your university studies, you may find yourself in situations that can make the application of these definitions unclear. The University of Manitoba wants to help you be successful, and this includes providing you with the knowledge and tools to support your decisions to act with integrity. There are a number of people and places on campus that will help you understand the rules and how they apply to your academic work. If you have questions or are uncertain about what is expected of you in your courses, you have several options:
- Ask your professor, instructor, or teaching assistant for assistance or clarification.
- Get support from the Academic Learning Centre or Libraries:
- Visit the Academic Integrity site for information and tools to help you understand academic integrity.
- Make an appointment with the Student Advocacy office. This office assists students to understand their rights and responsibilities and provides support to students who have received an allegation of academic misconduct.
Appeals of Grades
Appeal of Term Work
Students may formally appeal a grade received for term work provided that the matter has been discussed with the instructor in the first instance in an attempt to resolve the issue without the need of formal appeal. Term work grades normally may be appealed up to ten (10) working days after the grades for the term work have been made available to the student.
The fee which is charged for each appealed term work grade will be refunded for any grade which is changed as a result of the appeal.
Appeal of Final Grades
Final grades are not released to students who are on “Hold Status”; the deadline for appeal of assigned grades will not be extended for students who were unable to access their final grades due to a hold.
These regulations expand on the Final Grades Procedures found in the University Policies and Procedures.
Attendance at Class and Debarment
Regular attendance is expected of all students in all courses.
An instructor may initiate procedures to debar a student from attending classes and from final examinations and/or from receiving credit where unexcused absences exceed those permitted by the faculty or school regulations.
A student may be debarred from class, laboratories, and examinations by action of the dean/director for persistent non-attendance, failure to produce assignments to the satisfaction of the instructor, and/or unsafe clinical practice or practicum. Students so debarred will have failed that course.
Withdrawal from Courses and Programs
The registration revision period extends two weeks from the first day of classes in both Fall and Winter terms. Courses dropped during this period shall not be regarded as withdrawals and shall not be recorded on official transcripts or student histories. The revision period is prorated for Summer terms and for parts of term.
After the registration revision period ends, voluntary withdrawals (VWs) will be recorded on official transcripts and student histories.
The following dates are deadlines for voluntary withdrawals:
- The Voluntary Withdrawal deadline shall be the 48th teaching day in both Fall and Winter term for those half-courses taught over the whole of each term;
- The Voluntary Withdrawal deadline for full-courses taught over both Fall and Winter term shall be the 48th teaching day of the Winter term; and
- The Voluntary Withdrawal deadline for full-and-half courses taught during Summer terms or during some other special schedule shall be calculated in a similar manner using a pro-rated number of teaching days.
The exact Voluntary Withdrawal dates that apply to courses offered in the current academic session are published in the Academic Schedule.
Subject to the provision of satisfactory documentation to the faculty of registration, Authorized Withdrawals (AWs) may be permitted on medical or compassionate grounds.
Required Withdrawal from Professional Programs
Senate, at the request of some faculties and schools, has approved bylaws granting them the authority to require a student to withdraw on the basis of unsuitability for the practice of the profession to which the program of study leads.
This right may be exercised at any time throughout the academic year or following the results of examinations at the end of every year.
This right to require a student to withdraw prevails notwithstanding any other provisions in the academic regulations of the particular faculty or school regarding eligibility to proceed or repeat.
Where Senate has approved such a bylaw, that fact is indicated in the Academic Calendar chapter for that faculty or school. A copy of the professional unsuitability bylaw may be obtained from the general office of the faculty or school.
These regulations expand on the Deferred and Supplemental Examinations Procedures found in the University Policies and Procedures.
Accepting Standing in Course without Examination
In the event that a student is unable to write a deferred examination as it has been scheduled, a grade may be assigned without examination (please refer to the Deferred and Supplemental Examinations Procedures). A student who accepts standing in a course without examination may not, at a later date, request permission to write a deferred examination in the course.
Supplemental Examinations are offered by some faculties to students who have not achieved the minimum result in required courses.
Students who are granted supplemental privileges are normally required to sit the examination within thirty (30) working days from the end of the examination series in which the supplemental grade was received, unless the progression rules of a faculty or school require the successful completion of an entire academic year before a student is eligible to proceed into the next. In this case, students are obliged to sit the examination at the next ensuing examination period.
These regulations expand on the Final Examinations and Final Grades Policy and Procedures found in the University Policies and Procedures.
General Examination Regulations
Students (with the exception of students auditing courses) are required to write all final examinations. Those who absent themselves without an acceptable reason will receive a grade classification of “NP” (No Paper) accompanied by a letter grade based on term work completed, using a zero value for incomplete term work and for the final examination. If no credit for term work is involved, a grade of “F” will be assigned. Under certain conditions a student may apply for a deferred examination; see Deferred and Supplemental Examinations.
For most faculties, schools and colleges, final examinations are normally conducted in December for Fall Term courses; in April/May for Winter Term and Fall/Winter Term spanned courses; and in August for Distance and Online Education Summer Term courses. Exact dates for the exam period can be found in the Academic Schedule.
The Schedule of Final Exams for Fall and Winter is made available by the Registrar’s Office approximately one month after the beginning of the term. This schedule is made available on the Registrar’s Office Website and includes finalized dates and times for each exam. Exam locations are added to the schedule at a later date. Summer Term courses, final exam details will be made available at the time of registration.
Students must remain available until all examination and test obligations have been fulfilled. Travel plans are not an acceptable reason for missing an exam.
Writing Examinations Off-Campus-Distance and Online Education Courses Only
For Distance and Online Education courses, students may request to write their exams outside of Winnipeg, at an approved centre. These requests are made to the Off Campus Exam Coordinator in the Centre for the Advancement of Teaching and Learning.
A student who arranges for another individual to undertake or write any nature of examination for and on his/her behalf, as well as the individual who undertakes or writes the examination, will be subject to discipline under the university’s Student Discipline Bylaw, which could lead to suspension or expulsion from the university. In addition, the Canadian Criminal Code treats the personation of a candidate at a competitive or qualifying examination held at a university as an offence punishable by summary conviction.
More details about being on Hold can be found online on the Registrar's Office website.
Students will be placed on "Hold Status" if they incur any type of outstanding obligation (either financial or otherwise) to the university or its associated faculties, schools, colleges or administrative units.
Some typical reasons for holds are:
- Program/course selection must be approved
- U1 student must transit into the Faculty of Arts or Science
- Required Major, Minor and/or Concentration declaration
- Transcripts or documents required from other institutions
- Unpaid tuition and/or other university fees
- Outstanding library books and/or fines
- Parking fines
- Pending disciplinary action
Depending on the reason for the hold, limited or no administrative or academic services will be provided to students on Hold Status until the specific obligations have been met.
Students must clear their holds prior to registration by contacting the appropriate office. Students with outstanding financial obligations to the university will not be permitted to register again until the hold has been cleared or permission to register has been obtained from the Office of the Vice-President (Administration).
Advisor and Program Holds
Students enroled in some programs are required to discuss their course selections and program status with an advisor prior to registration. Advisor and Program Holds normally only restrict registration activity; other administrative services remain available.
Students can verify whether their program requires consultation with an advisor by checking their faculty/school section of the Academic Calendar, or by viewing their Registration Time and Status in Aurora.
Graduation and Convocation
Students may graduate from the University of Manitoba in May/June, October, and February of each year. (Convocation ceremonies are held in May/June and October only).
Students are eligible to graduate when they have completed all of the requirements for their degree program in accordance with the regulations described in the chapter General Academic Regulations and the regulations available from the general offices of their faculties and schools.
It is the responsibility of each student to be familiar with the graduation requirements of the program in which they are enrolled. Consultation with academic advisors is advised to ensure that graduation requirements are met.
Please refer to the Registrar’s Office website for Frequently asked Questions about Graduation and Convocation.
Application for Graduation
Every candidate for a degree, diploma or certificate must make formal application at the beginning of the session in which he/she expects to complete graduation requirements.
Application is to be made through Aurora Student. (Log into Aurora Student; click Enrolment and Academic Records, then Declarations, then Declare Graduation Date.)
Changing a Graduation Date
If you need to change your graduation date after you have made your declaration, you must contact the general office of your faculty, college, or school as soon as possible.
Receipt of Information about Graduation
After you have declared your graduation, you will be sent a series of e-mails to your University e-mail account, requesting you to verify your full legal name, asking you about your attendance at convocation, providing convocation information, and so on. It is imperative that you activate your University of Manitoba email account and check it regularly.
Convocation ceremonies are held in May/June and October of each year.
February graduates are invited to attend the May/June ceremonies.
Graduating students are encouraged to attend with their families and friends because it is the one ceremonial occasion that marks the successful conclusion of their program of studies.
Graduates who wish to attend Convocation, verify their attendance at the Convocation ceremony by reserving their academic attire through the University approved supplier.
Students who, for any reason, do not attend Convocation will receive their degrees in absentia.
The Registrar’s Office will hold unclaimed parchments for a maximum of twelve months after graduation when any unclaimed parchments will be destroyed. These will include those not given at Convocation, those that were to be picked up in person but not claimed, those that were mailed but returned to the Registrar’s Office by the postal outlet or courier depot, those that were not issued due to a financial hold on a student’s records, and those that were reprinted immediately after convocation due to corrections.
It is critical that you update your address, phone number and email through Aurora whenever changes occur. Note that any changes made with the Alumni Association are not reflected in your University of Manitoba student records.
If you do not receive your parchment, it is your responsibility to follow up with the Registrar’s Office within a twelve-month period. Any requests for parchments after this time will be processed as replacements; there is a fee charged for replacement parchments.
Students are responsible for making arrangements to reserve their academic attire through the University approved supplier. Rental fees apply. Details will be provided via e-mail once Convocation planning begins.
Information on Convocation may be found on the Graduation/Convocation website.
In order to receive University mail, it is essential that you to provide the Registrar’s Office with your current address. All mail will be directed to the address you provide. You may change your mailing address and phone number by accessing Aurora Student and then selecting Personal Information.
Change of Name
If you have changed your name since you were first admitted or if the name on your record is incomplete or inaccurate, official evidence of the name change or correction must be submitted to the Registrar’s Office along with a completed Request for Change of Name form. The University of Manitoba uses your full legal name on its records, transcripts, and graduation documents (a full legal name, for example, includes all names on your birth certificate - first, middle, and last - or on your study permit). Abbreviated names, Anglicized names, or initials should not be used unless they have been proven with appropriate documentation.